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Academic English

“Arches National Park – Script”

Listening Exercise

Listen to the recording about Arches National Park and read along with the conversation. Review the key vocabulary and the sample sentences.

Narrator: Arches National Park is located in the dry desert of Southeastern Utah just north of the city of Moab. This park is home to over 2,000 natural arches carved from sandstone layers by wind, water, and erosion. Local and international visitors can enjoy breathtaking views of these natural wonders throughout the year. Some formations are just off the road and are accessible to all people within a short distance on well-traveled trails; other arches can only be reached by driving distances on four-wheel drive roads or after long strenuous hikes along sandy washes.

Like any hike of this nature, you should be prepared for the adventure in the desert:

First, hike with a partner for safety and leave word where you will be traveling in case of an emergency. Personally, I enjoy hiking with family members and close friends.

Second, carry a cellphone with you. However, keep in mind that you might not get any reception, so don’t depend on it.

Third, be sure to have the right clothing and footwear for the hike. Light, breathable clothing is best during the summer, along with a hat and sturdy hiking shoes.

Fourth, carry plenty of water because you can become quickly dehydrated without it. Having a few snacks can give you energy, too.

Fifth, take a small first-aid kit with you, particularly on longer hikes in case you get injured.

Sixth, pack a detailed map of the area you are hiking, along with a compass and/or a GPS to locate your position. You might need them to navigate through unfamiliar terrain.

And finally, take nothing home with you except for pictures and memories. You can protect these areas by leaving all rocks, flowers, and other objects for future visitors.

Vocabulary and Sample Sentences

  • erosion (noun): wearing away of the soil by wind and water 
    – Erosion is often a natural process by which many geological formations are created.
  • breathtaking (adjective): incredible, awesome, amazing 
    – The scenic views of the valley were breathtaking.
  • strenuous (adjective): physically difficult 
    – We took a very strenuous hike that lasted all day, and I’m exhausted.
  • wash (noun): a dry stream bed
    – We followed the wash for about a mile until we reached the mouth of the canyon.
  • leave word (verb): notify or inform
    – She didn’t leave word where she would be traveling, and now her family is really worried.
  • sturdy (adjective): strong
    – You need to wear sturdy hiking boots for this trip because we will be going through some rough terrain.
  • dehydrated (adjective): suffer from lack of water
    – The lost hiker was extremely dehydrated when she was found wandering in the desert.
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